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How To Cultivate Watermelons Without Seeds

Watermelon fruit is one seasonal fruit that is easy to cultivate, with the process of reproducing which is quite fast because its age is only 6 months. The fruit is grown by way of propagation is a type of herbaceous plants originating from Africa, and can grow well in the tropics and subtropics. Watermelon fruit has its own charm because of its fresh and sweet fruit. And with the cultivation process is quite easy, many farmers are interested to cultivate this red fleshy fruit. Not only that, this watermelon fruit is also always developed to get the best varieties.
Seedless Watermelon Cultivation
The main reason for the cultivation of watermelon fruit is to be used as fresh fruit. And to make it more enjoyable, watermelon fruit is developed into a seedless watermelon or so-called seedless watermelon. This new watermelon variety is developed from crossing between male diploid watermelon and female tetraploid watermelon. This seedless watermelon basically has complete male and female flowers, but the seeds are not formed because the seeds and the stools are barren. So if the seeds are still found in the fruit, it is not a hatching mistake, but because of mistakes or excess fertilizer.
Seedless Watermelon Cultivation Technique
The technique of seedless watermelon cultivation, basically almost the same as the watermelon seed cultivation. Even to cultivate a watermelon without seed we also have to plant watermelon seeds next to it, it aims as a source of pollinator. And the steps that must be passed to cultivate a seedless watermelon is as follows:
1. Nursery process.
• Selection of seeds
Seedless watermelon cultivation is done by using seeds. In the selection of seeds, there are some conditions that herus are fulfilled, ie the form of watermelon should be perfectly round, not wrinkled and not float when in a soak. After the seeds are ready then the tip of the seedlings of watermelon is cut first to facilitate the growth process. Furthermore, the seeds are soaked in warm water temperature 20-25 ° C which had been mixed with the function of bactericide and bakterisida with a ratio of 2ml per liter of water. Soak seeds in water for 30 minutes, set aside.
• Seedling
Before the seedlings are planted, the seedlings are seeded first. The stages are as follows:
 Put the seeds into the towel, then fold.
 Place the towel containing the seedlings in a sand-lined jar and wet newspaper.
 To be warmer, light up the jar with 15 watt incandescent lamps 10 cm above the packing cloth.
 Seed control every 4-6 hours once, to determine the humidity, if the seed condition is dry then spray a little water by using hand sprayer. and do this curing for 1-2 days.
 Prepare a small polybag measuring 12x12 cm. Contents of polybags with planting medium which is a mixture of soil and manure with a ratio of 1: 1.
 After the seeds are finished, then put the watermelon seeds into polybags with a depth of 1.5 cm. Tubular cover with soft soil and husk ash with a ratio of 2: 1. Next cover with burlap sack and let stand for 2-3 days.
• Seedling maintenance
Seed maintenance is done by watering regularly to keep moisture seeds, besides watering also need to be fertilized by using compost or leaf fertilizer that has been mixed function to encourage the development of seeds more or less 3 days. And for young seedling seedlings in the morning place in the sun-exposed until 09.00 just to keep the growth. After the seeds are 12-14 days old and have 2-3 leaf leaves, the seedless seedless seedlings are ready to be removed in ready-made plantations.
2. Land preparation
The next stage that must be prepared is the area of ​​planting. Land conditions suitable for the planting of this watermelon fruit is loose soil, slightly sandy and rich in organic matter. For this reason land clearing needs to be prepared first. If the land is a former garden then the land must be cleaned first, whereas if you want to plant this watermelon fruit in the area of ​​paddy fields, then the soil should be dried and cleaned from former plants.
• The establishment of the bed
For the cultivation of watermelon, the bed is very necessary to facilitate water out through drainage channels are made. For a maximum beam length of 12-15 meters, with a height of 30-50 cm and a trench width of 30-50 cm. As for the width of this bed depends on the cultivation techniques used. If you do watermelon planting with turf system, the width of the bendengan is around 100-110 meters, for the system without turus 1 line, then the width of the bendengan is about 200 cm. and 400 cm for the width of the bendengan without turus 2 rows of planting.
• Soil processing
After the land is ready, then halusk

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